How to start an organic farm? How to start a cost effective organic farm? Do we really need a bank loan? What will be the profit…so and so? Okay, let’s find the solutions.
So you decide to grow organic. Well, but before we go in to the challenging queries it is better to start with basic.
What is organic farming?
Really it will be a tough question for those regions where people still depends on natural vegetation as their food. But, fortunately or unfortunately all most all the civilized places on the earth depends on man-made farming. Of course, in most of these farms inorganic fertilizer is used excessively. And you are aware of what is its impact. Although it is very late, people discover the benefit of organ
Food and Agriculture Organisation of UN define organic farming as a system that relies on ecosystem management rather than external agricultural inputs. Where agriculture practice without any use of synthetic input, such as, synthetic fertilizer, pesticides, veterinary drugs and hormonal injection. Moreover, only local varieties are used, not any high yielding or genetically modified variety.
How to start organic farm?
Hey, I am discussing here all the necessary steps in details. Just scroll down and I am sure you will find a difference here.
1. Land management
The very first step of your planning is to find a suitable land for your dream organic farm. Do you know? You need a large area for organic farming. If you already acquire a sizable amount of land for cultivation then it is good. You are aware of the any previous treatments of your land. But, for newly acquired land or land for lease, a prior soil test must be done with the help of a specialist in the field. Testing will confirm you what are the prerequisites for your land. If necessary, organic treatment like natural cultivation of legumes, spreading local cow’s dung or as advised, should follow religiously before the establishment of a full-fledged farm. Now your land is ready for plantation.
Demotivated? Have patience, I will come with a cost effective model shortly.
2. Product survey
Let’s focus on another important step. It is very important to select area specific types of crops for plantation or rearing. For non-local types of crops, both the production rate and quality will degrade because of unsupported weather. Just for say, you should not select apple tree for your farm in south India. So, before selecting crops for organic farming, a proper survey of weather friendly stuffs is a necessary part of your preparation. It is better to consult with the local farmers for ground knowledge and also the agricultural officers for technical issues.
Although organic farming needs a very little amount of water compare to the conventional cultivation, you have to arrange a basic irrigation facility. You know, in those sunny days you really need to feed water to your soil. So you can install a water pump nearby your site. Okay, it may be electrical or mechanical, whatever your choice. You are smart enough to manage any power supply problem.
4. Organic fertilizer
Along with all of these you have to give time in the management of manure and organic fertilizer also. Remember these are actually backbone of your farm. Want to add local cattle? Then it will be an added advantage, because along with the product they will take care of your entire farm with free manure. Besides, you should start to prepare decomposed organic fertilizer well before the start of actual activities. Once it installed, you have to continue it for entire life of the farm.
5. Selection of local variety
How to obtain local variety? Of course, it’s a big problem for every newbies. It is one of the most crucial parts of your planning because any mistake at this point cost you losing the entire game. You can’t trust those available in the market. So, how to obtain? Hold on, coming in a short while.
Finishing all the task above? Okay, you are now ready for installing your farm.
It is better if start with a zero loan. But don’t compromise with quantity of production only for bank loan. Many banks are ready to avail the loan for organic farming depending on your project submission. You must be updated with current interest rate of agricultural loan. In India, it is ranging from 8% to 14% according to the rule and regulations of different banks. But the process of application is subject to the region or country specific. Besides, there are various scheme available for organic farming provided by the government of the concerned country to promote it extensively.
How to start a cost effective organic farm?
You will find numerous methods for organic farming with their respective advantages and drawbacks. But here I introduce you with two cost effective model to boost your organic business.
1. Community based organic farm
The model is based on your coordination power. You are going to work with those people in the villages where cultivation is the only way of their livelihood.
First of all you have to choose one or more villages as per your convenience. Now start visiting to the leading villager’s house. Talk with them, say about importance of organic food and show your plan and program elaborately. Of course, you have to show their profit very clearly in working with you.
In this model each and every farmer of a community or a village cooperatively engages in organic farming. Each of them requires practicing one or two types of crop or livestock as per the schedule prepared at the group meeting of the farmers. Of course, there should be rotation of crops after a fixed time frame.After the arrangement of farmer-crop distribution, farmers are individually taking care of their designated crops. For more elaborate explanation of this model you can click here.
One most important thing in community based organic farming, make sure that you are becoming a part of the community, not an alien or boss or like that. You should transform your mindset just from a profit maker to opportunity creator for those people. You are helping them to get certified and creating market for their produces. At the end when you calculate your investment you will surprise that it’s almost zero. This is one of the best cost effective organic farm model.
2. Natural organic farm
Surprised with the heading. Yes, the pollution free environment of the country side is really a home of many vegetables and fruits. These are growing in those areas unconsciously and uneventfully. You can enlist those naturally growing varieties and based on the area specific production and their indigenous users, you can apply for organic certification. It is necessary to maintain the biodiversity of the places from where we will acquire the natural produces. It is highly recommended to test samples of the veggies and fruits for its organic value before installing your business on natural produces.